Saffron is a culinary spice that has shown to be effective in supporting ADHD symptoms, combatting depression, and is a known hero in fighting off inflammation and oxidative stress. Saffron has powerful antioxidant, nootropic, and antiinflammatory properties. But is it always safe?
Read more to find out
Saffron is one the world’s most expensive and precious spices. It takes 140 crocus flowers to produce 1 gram of saffron threads.
Saffron is a perennial, stemless herb belonging to the Iridaceae family. As a spice, Saffron is considered a GRAS status (generally recognized as safe) herb that has been used as a traditional culinary spice, coloring agent, and medicinal herb for at least 3000 years. It is common in countries such as India, Greece, France, Spain, Italy, and also Iran, where most of the world's saffron is cultivated.
Saffron is a culinary spice that comes from the stigma of the Crocus sativus L. flowers. Various compounds such as carotenoids and flavonoids are the essential components found in the saffron stigma. Like most plants in herbalism, saffron contains a variety of beneficial constituents that support our body’s wellness.
However the main constituents of saffron include crocins, picrocrocin, and safranal. These primary carotenoids give saffron nervine, neuroprotective, and nootropic effects. Saffron has antioxidant activity and the ability to modulate inflammation and protect against oxidative damage.
5 Ways Saffron Supports ADHD
Methylphenidate is a commonly prescribed ADHD medication known as a stimulant. Although not a lot of research has been conducted on the subject. An interior study has shown Saffron to be a safe and positive alternative for those patients who seek natural treatments for addressing ADHD, and for those patients who either experience side effects or do not respond to methylphenidate drugs.
Depression is a common comorbidity of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) in both adults and children. Most studies indicate prevalence rates of 9 to 38% for depressive disorders in people with ADHD. The good news is Saffron has been shown to be effective in reducing both depression and ADHD symptoms. Based on up-to-date meta-analysis, saffron is statistically shown to improve negative mood, anxiety, and stress when compared with placebo.
Saffron (Crocus sativus) has been identified as a memory-enhancing agent
Poor working memory is a common complainant in ADHD. Saffron is rich in flavonoids A flavonol-rich diet is linked with a relatively low occurrence of degenerative diseases and various forms of cancer. Saffron may have antioxidant and anti-amyloidogenic activity with a positive effect on cognitive function
Saffron contains two vitamins essential to the human body: Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) and Vitamin B1 (Thiamine). The riboflavin content of saffron ranges from 56 to 138 μg/g, which is the highest amount found in foods. Riboflavin is important to turn other vitamins (K, B6, & Folate) into their active forms. Vitamin B1 is an important nutrient in producing stomach acid and it's important in manufacturing and balancing our ADHD neurotransmitters and other hormones.
Saffron has been used in traditional medicine for its hypolipidemic, anti-cancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antidepressant properties. It can support sexual dysfunction caused by medications and may even lower blood pressure.As saffron has pharmacological effects on the central nervous system, it has also been tested in clinical trials of depression, anxiety, Alhezimer’s, and other brain disorders.
Saffron Recipe + Recommendations
When I suggest Saffron to my own clients, I suggest starting with 1-2 threads daily, a couple times a week. I suggest adding the Saffron spice to soups, bone broth, rice, or hot tea. Extracting saffron in water makes it more effective and bioavailable. It also helps extract and transport the water soluble vitamins in the body. I recommend taking a break every few weeks from saffron. There is no need to overdo saffron in recipes, the flavor does not increase.
Saffron pairs well with many spices such as cinnamon, almond, clove, cumin, coriander, and nutmeg. It is a wonderful spice to compliment other foods like chicken, couscous, curries, rice, lamb and shellfish.
Although Saffron has GRAS status in small quantities as a culinary spice and is generally well tolerated, it should not be used long term or in high doses. You should take a break from using Saffron every 4-6 weeks. Taking doses of 5 grams or more of saffron can cause severe side effects and acute poisoning. Mega doses of 12-20 grams can cause death. Saffron is a perfect example of why knowing what you are consuming, even if it’s a well known food or spice, is important to work with a trained professional.
Possible side effects of Saffron spice or supplements if taken in large doses:
- Extreme Sweating
- GI Distress
Saffron Drug Interactions and Cautions
Avoid consuming Saffron in any form at least 2 weeks before and after any surgery. It may interact with anesthesia and cause CNS depression. Additional interaction warnings include CNS depressant drugs, caffeine, and antidiabetic drugs.
Like all herbs and supplements it is important to work with a trained practitioner before starting a therapeutic dose of saffron.. The safety of consuming Saffron during pregnancy and lactation is unknown.
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